If we talk about martial arts, so many different things come to our minds. Something about BJJ, others think about wrestling, striking, and other kinds of combat-based training. Mixed martial arts is an umbrella term that is used for various combat and self-defense-based sports. Grappling is so far the most technical method of acquiring a submission. You need to fight while you are on your feet, you need to put your opponent on the ground and acquire submission through various chokes and locks. Most of the people are not exactly familiar with grappling, some even confuse it with MMA whereas others think it is just a technique used in BJJ. No matter what you think about grappling in general, you need to analyze the difference first.
For the beginners who are trying to figure out the similarities and differences between MMA, grappling, and its types. We have listed some of the easy ways that can help with understanding the techniques, types, methods, and other details. With the help of this, you will be able to understand what you need to learn about the benefits of learning these techniques.
What Is Grappling?
Grappling is a known technique that is used in multiple different martial arts for acquiring a submission. The process of grappling can be explained via the steps that are used. Grappling doesn’t involve the use of any weapon, instead, it is the method of using physical aspects and body as a weapon. The fighter uses the physical advantage, relative position, and other basics against the opponent. In most cases, if the grappling is strong, the opponent submits otherwise, if the grappling technique is not so accurate, the opponent might escape as well.
Where Grappling Is Used?
With MMA there are so many different fighting techniques where grappling is used. Grappling as we discussed earlier is a technique for acquiring a submission. Most of the combat-based training uses various kinds of grappling for submission. Some of the most common combat-based training where grappling is taught and used as a method of winning or gaining a dominant position include Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu or commonly known as BJJ, Wrestling, Judo, and Sambo. Although every grappling technique is used differently in each style the main idea is the same. Each technique is a little modified to fit the rules and requirements. Each style is different, has different rules and different dress codes.
For further details, we have also listed down the types of grappling.
Now that we have explained what grappling is, you might have noticed that people get confused about grappling. Especially when they look at fights and talk about the grappling techniques. One of the most important things is that grappling has so many different techniques and types that even some professionals get confused. To understand various types and how these grappling techniques are applied, we have listed some of the most common types.
Takedown is a grappling technique that is used for forcing the opponent to touch the ground. While both fighters are usually standing, to acquire submission the aim is to force the opponent to touch the ground from a standing position. The main skill used in this grappling technique is the off-balancing technique. If you are good with balancing yourself, you don’t have to worry about it. However, the benefit of shock usually makes people off balance so this technique can come in handy at these moments. You will also hear the words “shoot” used for a takedown if takedown is performed with speed. Some of the common takedowns include ankle pick single takedown, Single-Leg Takedown, Outside Foot Sweep, and Double-Leg Takedown.
Throw, just like a takedown, helps in attacking the opponent. The only difference is that in takedown you are going to off-balance the opponent to touch the ground, in a throw you need to throw your opponent on the ground. This is a forceful technique and the opponent needs to be lifted and thrown on the mat. In short, this is a rotation of both fighters. One is on top whereas the other is on the ground. Unlike takedowns, both opponents do not end on the ground, instead of the one who wins stays standing while the other lays flat on the ground. There are so many different kinds of throws and each method is significant in technique. Some of the common throws include pick-ups, Shoulder and Back Throws, Sacrificial Throws and Hip Throws.
Now that we understand the throw and takedown, we need to understand how to defend when you are in a position of throw or takedown. Most people use clinching for defense, so it is important to understand the technique of clinching. Clinching involves the use of upper body strength. It happens when one fighter tries to clinch or get a very tight hold of the opponent’s arm or any other part of the upper body i.e. head. In short, one hand of the fighter is on the head whereas the other is on the arm and similar is the case with the opponent. Both have to try to gain the benefit of holding and they need to imbalance the opponent. Most fighters try to use cliches for the execution of the strike and takedown. There are two most common clinching types, includes Forearm Slide to the Back and Angle and Inside Block Takedown
Sprawling is a very important grappling technique and it is taught to everyone. Usually, when one fighter attacks or punches the other, they have some defensive technique that they use for stopping the attack and then for a counter-attack. When one fighter tries to take down the other, sprawl is used to defend and helps the opponent to counterattack. This not only helps the fighter to stay on his feet but also defend himself. Sprawl is pretty technical, you need to understand each step to execute it properly. The fighter needs to pop his legs behind him and away from the opponent. This means that there is less place for vulnerability. Apart from this, you need to land the upper body on the back. As a result of this, the opponent can be forced down and you can take control.
Reversal is a very important fighting and grappling technique, but most people do not know about it in detail. A reversal takes place when the fighter escapes from a vulnerable position usually under the opponent and takes hold of him. As the word reversal indicates, you need to gain a dominant position from a vulnerable position. This is a very technical and very difficult move and most people when getting stuck in a vulnerable position are not able to escape. To execute this successfully, you need to seize the opportunity, know the right time and turn the moment of the vulnerability of your opponent into your success.
Most people are familiar with the term pin. The pin is a technique where you keep your opponent tied to the ground. With securing technique you need to pin your opponent to the ground and you will get an instant victory. There are so many different submission holds that are used for pinning or securing. Some of the basic techniques include Half-Mount, Half-Nelson, Full-Nelson, and Full-Mount.
We have all heard of escapes in MMA, but most people do not know what an escape is. Escape is the move that helps the fighter to get out of a vulnerable or submissive position. Usually, when one person attacks the other, he is in a dominant position, to get out of that position the opponent tries to get out of this position and if he becomes successful, this is known as a successful escape. Some of the most dangerous positions where escape is applied include full mount, chokehold, or clinch. The most common escapes that are used include, cross the face, shrimping as well as buck and roll.
As discussed above, there are some of the most dangerous grappling techniques that are also called chokes. Generally, chokes are known as the pressure that is applied on the air passage or blood passage. Depending on the location and position, holds can be very dangerous. One fighter is practically trying to strangle the other with the help of elbow pressure or arm pressure. The main aim of this technique is to force the opponent to submit or admit defeat. Most chokes are so dangerous that either the opponent admits the submission due to pain or he faints. For tapping out or for admitting defeat, the opponent can either tap on the leg, body or the mat. Some of the most common holds include armbar, Arm Triangle Choke, Guillotine Choke, Triangle Choke, and Rear Naked Choked.
To win an MMA game, you need to know about all kinds of grappling techniques. Each technique is different and plays a very important role. Determining the need for each grappling technique and then using it at the right time is very important. No matter how much in detail you know about the technique, if you are unable to avail the opportunity, your technique will not be useful.